Molybdenum carbide and Ni0 nanoparticles (NPs) embedding into N-doped carbon materials (MoxNiy@N-C)
were prepared by one-step thermolysis of Ni, Mo, N, C precursors, and then loaded on poly (vinylidene fluoride)
(PVDF) film to obtain the catalytic membranes (MoxNiy@N-C/PVDF). The membranes effectively catalyzed the
reduction of toxic CrVI to benign CrIII by employing formic acid (FA) as the reducing agent. The effects of
parameters, such as initial concentrations of CrVI (5–25 mg/L) and FA (0.117–0.702 M), solution pHs (2.12–5.43)
and temperatures (15–55 °C), as well as HCOONa concentrations (0–0.20 M) on CrVI reduction were analyzed in
view of scalable industrial applications. Owing to the synergistic effects amongst Ni0, MoxC, doped nitrogen, and
oxygen groups as catalytic active sites, and carbon shell protection of metal NPs from leaching out, MoxNiy@NC/
PVDF catalysts exhibited excellent catalytic activity and recyclable capability for CrVI reduction. The membrane’s
unique porous structure and large chemically active surface area not only minimize the NPs agglomeration,
but also allow the facile transport of catalytic reactants to the active surface without suffering from high


Yunjin Yao,Yi Hu,Maojing Yu,Chao Lian,Mengxue Gao,Jie Zhang,Guanwei Li,Shaobin Wang.


Chemical Engineering Journal,344,535-544(2018)