In this work, a nanocone ZnO thin film was prepared by electron beam evaporation on a Si (1 0 0) substrate. The structural properties of the film were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD), atomic force microscopy and laser Raman scattering, respectively. The aging effect of the nanocone ZnO thin film was studied by photoluminescence spectra. The structural analyses show that the prepared ZnO thin film has a hexagonal wurtzite structure and is preferentially oriented along the c-axis perpendicular to the substrate surface. The photoluminescence spectra show that with the increase of aging time, the green emission of the nanocone ZnO thin film gradually decreases while the ultraviolet emission somewhat increases. The reason for this phenomenon is likely that the green-emission-related oxygen vacancies in the film are gradually filled up. The Raman scattering analyses also suggest that the intensity of the Raman peak related to oxygen vacancies in the nanocone ZnO thin film declines after the film is aged in air for a year. Therefore, the authors think the green emission is mainly connected with oxygen vacancy defects.
Linhua Xu,Linxing Shi,Xiangyin Li.
Applied Surface Science,255,11,5957-5960(2009)